Home

Lumbar spondylosis علاج

Treating lumbar spondylosis. Having chronic lower back pain can cause a lot of difficulty standing or even sitting, so many treatment options focus on relieving this aspect of lumbar spondylosis Treatments aim to reduce the pain that can result from lumbar spondylosis and include: Physiotherapy (considered the main conservative treatment for lumbar spondylosis) Medications, including: Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), either prescribed, or over-the-counter, such as Advil, Motrin or Aleve Topical medications such as creams, sprays, gels or patches Antidepressants due to their helpful analgesic properties Muscle relaxants Corticosteroid injections to relieve inflammation. If these treatments aren't helping you enough, you may need other treatments. This might be more likely to happen if you have spine problems such as a herniated disc or spinal stenosis. In some cases, a shot of medicine in the joint area may offer short-term relief. For a severe problem, surgery may be an option Some of the ways of Treating Lumbar Spondylosis are: • Modifying lifestyle including occupational changes if doing manual labor, losing weight and quitting smoking. • Physical therapy which teaches the patient to strengthen the paravertebral and abdominal muscles which lend support to the spine

Treating Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, & Spondylolisthesis (Lumbar Spine) - YouTube. Watch later. Share. Copy link. Info. Shopping. Tap to unmute. 50% discount. mystoralcare.com/products/mystv2 Spondylolysis occurs when a problem in the spine causes a small crack, or fracture, between two vertebrae (the bones in the spine). Spondylolysis causes back pain but is treatable, usually without surgery This is the most common surgery for lumbar spinal stenosis (removal of part of the bone, bone spurs, or ligaments, aimed at relieving pressure on spinal nerves, can make your spine less stable) Foraminotomy. This surgery is used to relieve pain associated with a compressed nerve in the spine. Diskectomy Lumbar spondylosis, as shown in the image below, describes bony overgrowths (osteophytes), predominantly those at the anterior, lateral, and, less commonly, posterior aspects of the superior and inferior margins of vertebral centra (bodies). This dynamic process increases with, and is perhaps an inevitable concomitant, of age

Physical therapy exercises for lumbar spondylosis. About Press Copyright Contact us Creators Advertise Developers Terms Privacy Policy & Safety How YouTube works Test new features © 2021 Google LL Treatment Options for Lumbar Spondylosis. Depending on the severity of symptoms, there is a wide range of pain management options when it comes to treating lumbar spondylosis. The following treatment options may be effective for relieving the symptoms of this condition: Pain medications; Heat and ice therapy; Physiotherapy; Daily exercise; Lifestyle change خشونة الفقرات هو مصطلح يصف التغيرات العصبية التنكسية للعمود الفقري وهي إحدى حالات التهاب المفاصل، أغلب هذه التغيرات هي جزء من عملية الشيخوخة، معظم الحالات قد لا تظهر أي أعراض وعند ظهورها تكون علامات التهاب المفاصل.

Lumbar spondylosis: Causes, symptoms, and treatmen

There is no treatment to reverse the process of spondylosis, because it is a degenerative process. The treatments for spondylosis target the back pain and neck pain that spondylosis can cause. Therefore, the treatment of spondylosis is similar to the treatment of back pain and neck pain Lumbar spondylosis: clinical presentation and treatment approaches. Curr Rev Musculoskelet Med. 2009 Jun;2 (2):94-104. doi: 10.1007/s12178-009-9051-x. Epub 2009 Mar 25

Lumbar Spondylosis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Lumbar Spondylosis Michigan Medicin

Lumbar Spondylosis About the condition . The spine is made up of many bones called vertebrae. The vertebrae are separated by shock absorbing discs, which allow the spine to bend and rotate. The vertebrae and discs are held together by ligaments and muscles which provide support and strength. Lumbar Spondylosis is wear and tear in th CONCLUSIONS These results show that a surprisingly high percentage of patients have misconceptions regarding the diagnosis and treatment of lumbar spondylosis, and that these misconceptions persist in patients with a history of spine surgery. Specifically, patients overemphasize the value of radiological studies and have mixed perceptions of. Difference Between Spondylosis and spondylitis. Difference between Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis.In this video Dr. Varun Wasil- MPT(Orthopaedics) from.

Lumbar spondylosis causes pain in your lower back that may be worse in certain positions. Often, bending makes the pain worse, while straightening up relieves it. Besides back pain , symptoms of lumbar spondylosis can include numbness and tingling in your buttocks and legs and, in some cases, a loss of bladder or bowel control Lumbar Spondylosis and Sciatica Causes. Low back pain is worldwide one of the biggest reasons for loss of work. Increasing sedentary lifestyle, lack of exercise, lack of awareness about normal physiologic posture. And obesity has increased the prevalence of troublesome back pain Lumbar Spondylosis is a condition associated with degenerative changes in the intervertebral discs and facet joints. Spondylosis, also known as spinal osteoarthritis, can affect the lumbar, thoracic, and/or the cervical regions of the spine. Although aging is the primary cause, the location and rate of degeneration is individual The approach to the treatment of lumbosacral spondylolysis (lumbar spondylolysis) is based on the stage of the bony lesion as guided by radiography and nuclear medicine or SPECT scanning investigations, as well as symptomatology. [ 12, 30] The complete healing of the bony lesion is the ultimate goal in treating patients with lumbosacral.

Lumbar Spondylosis - Physiotherapy Treatmen

The recommended treatment program for active spondylolysis is usually a combination of the following: Bracing to immobilize the spine for a short period (e.g. four months) to allow the pars defect to heal. Pain medications and/or anti-inflammatory medication, as needed. Stretching, beginning with gentle hamstring stretching and progressing with. The terms lumbar osteoarthritis, disk degeneration, degenerative disk disease, and spondylosis are used in the literature to describe anatomical changes to the vertebral bodies and intervertebral disk spaces that may be associated with clinical pain syndromes.. Spinal osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative process defined radiologically by joint space narrowing, osteophytosis, subchondral. Non-surgical Treatment of Spondylosis (Spinal Osteoarthritis) Spondylosis is osteoarthritis of the spine. The symptoms may vary from mild and episodic to aggressive and painfully chronic. Spondylosis affects the spine's joints; the facet joints in the cervical (neck), thoracic (mid back), and/or lumbar (low back) spine Spondylolysis is an osseous defect of the pars interarticularis, thought to be a developmental or acquired stress fracture secondary to chronic low-grade trauma. It is encountered most frequently in adolescents, most commonly involving the lower lumbar spine, with particularly high prevalence among Lumbar spondylosis is a spine condition that describes the natural deterioration of the lower spine due to age and compression. While spondylosis can occur throughout the spine, the most common location of occurrence is in the lowest portion of the spine, where the lumbar spine meets the sacrum, or tailbone. This type of spondylosis is called L5 to S1 spondylosis because it is found in the.

Treating Spondylosis, Spondylolysis, & Spondylolisthesis

  1. Lumbar spondylosis is a condition that occurs when the bones in your spine begin degenerating, resulting in a narrowing of the spinal canal in your lower back. This degeneration can result in severe pain due to pressure placed on the nerves in your lower back. Treatment for this condition often involves stretching and strengthening exercises
  2. C: Vita
  3. People suffered from Lumbar Spondylosis due to natural deterioration on the lower spine due to age and compression. That means it is the medical condition in which vertebral column are disturbed from their position because of degeneration of the disc spaces between the vertebrae
  4. Spondylosis refers to nonspecific, degenerative changes in the spine. This degeneration can manifest in a myriad of ways; such as disc dehydration, loss of disc height, joint hypertrophy, and osteophyte formation (bone spurs). These changes can result in narrowing of the neural foramen (the path where the nerve root exits the spinal canal)
  5. The bottom line is lumbar spondylosis is a degenerative condition that prevents the lumbar spine from doing its job of bearing tremendous loads and carry the weight of the body from the lower back to the head. The lumbar spine, in conjunction with the hips, is also responsible for the mobility of the trunk
  6. Lumbar Spondylosis: Treatment, Diet and Home Remedies Food and Nutrition. Eat plenty of vegetable salads, fresh fruits, whole grain cereals, beans, brown rice, yoghurt,... Yoga and Exercise. The following exercises should be within the limits of pain. Repeat the exercise 4 times a day. Music and.
  7. 1. Introduction. Spondylolysis is a defect in the pars interarticularis of a vertebra (Logroscino et al., 2001, Standaert, 2005, Thein-Nissenbaum and Boissonnault, 2005).The pars interarticularis is a small isthmus of bone between the superior and inferior articular facets of spinal vertebra

Spondylolysis: Symptoms, Treatment, & Cause

  1. ant cause of spondylosis, also known as spinal arthritis. We put our bodies through a lot of stress and strain every day, and over the years, this can change the various structures of the spine. Even before you experience the symptoms of spondylosis—pain and stiffness, for example—your joints and.
  2. Spondylosis of the lumbar spine, the subject of this paper, is a term with many definitions. In the literature, it has been utilized in many different contexts, employed synonymously with arthrosis, spondylitis, hypertrophic arthritis, and osteoarthritis. In other instances, spondylosis is considered mechanistically, as the hypertrophic respons
  3. Lumbar spondylosis is a term that refers to a typical age-related degeneration in the lower back. This degeneration is where the last vertebra of the lumber spine, or the L5, and the first vertebra of the spine, or the S1 connects. This usually happens because this is the spot where the lower back needs to support your upright position
  4. Surgery for Lumbar for Spondylosis or Spondylolisthesis. Lumbar spondylosis, also known as degenerative disc disease, occurs when the lumbar spine starts to degenerate leading to spinal stenosis, vertebral instability, or misalignment. These conditions are usually characterized by lower back or leg pain, weakness or numbness
  5. I've had lumbar spondylosis for the last 4 years and have found zero relief with physical therapy, exercise, and medications. The pain is consistently about an 8 out of 10. I've just started to research surgery for spondylosis. Could surgery hel

Pathology and pathogenesis of lumbar spondylosis and stenosis Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 1978 Dec;3(4):319-28. doi: 10.1097/00007632-197812000-00004. Authors W H Kirkaldy-Willis, J H Wedge, K Yong-Hing, J Reilly. PMID: 741238 DOI: 10.1097. Lumbar spine spondylosis can be an associated cause of LBP and is a common condition with an estimated prevalence ranging from 40% to 85%. 1 Lumbar spondylosis is due to a degenerative cascade that has an association with intervertebral disk degeneration (IDD) . Mechanical progression and associated disk space narrowing leads to adjacent level. Lumbar spondylolysis is a condition in the lower back where there is a defect or fracture in the part of the vertebra known as the pars interarticularis. The pars interarticularis, also known as the isthmus, is a segment of bone that connects the facet joints at the back of the spine. It is a small, thin part of the lamina that has a poor blood. What is Lumbar Spondylosis? It is the process of normal wear and tear of the disc, where in the disc loses hydration and become stiff and doesn't function anymore as a shock absorber of the vertebra. Eventually reducing the space for the spinal nerves, spinal cord also causes osteoarthritis of facet joints Lumbar spondylosis is one of the most common ailments of the backbone that is capable of causing excruciating pain to the patient, therefore it should be treated as soon as the first symptoms surface. Consult a good practitioner of Ayurveda to be pain free and in the best of shape. Health comes first, take care and be healthy

• Spondylosis may affect the cervical (neck), thoracic (mid-back), or lumbar (low back) regions of the spine. • It may cause loss of normal spinal shape and function. • Although aging is the primary cause, the location and rate of change is different from person to person spondylosis. The treatment for lumbar spondylosis is rarely improved by having x-rays or scans. If you are not improving or getting worse despite following the advice given, please contact us again. Will it get better? A flare up of lumbar spondylosis symptoms will normally improve by themselves in the first 2 to 8 weeks Lumbar Spondylosis is a chronic and painful condition characterized by degenerative osteoarthritis of the joints in the lower region of the spine. As the condition progresses, it can cause pain as well as loss of normal structure and function of the lower spine. Using the most advanced and minimally invasive treatments, our physicians help.

Lumbar spondylosis is largely a result of wear and tear of the spinal structures with age. However, it can be caused by injury to the spine. Overuse of the spine in physical activities like gymnastics, weight lifting or even postural disorders from a sitting job or working long hours on a computer can make one prone to lumbar spondylosis Lumbar spondylosis is diagnosed by a doctor by physical examination, X-ray, CT scan or MRI. Bed rest, Belts/ braces, NSAIDs, Spinal injections, Physiotherapy, narcotics, surgical intervention are the treatment provided by the modern medical system. Though the modern treatment has its own advantages there are many limitations that follow For cervical spondylosis treatment, a non-operative approach is the first option. It includes pain medication, physical therapy, exercises and weight-loss training. For thoracic or lumbar spondylosis treatment, or if the non-surgical treatment doesn't produce desired results, Dr. Skovrlj may recommend minimally invasive spine surgery

Lumbar Spondylosis - Physiopedi

Lumbar spondylosis diet. People who suffer from spinal osteoarthritis can also benefit from a lumbar spondylosis diet. You may find it interesting to know that vegetables that taste bitter. If lumbar spondylosis projects into the spinal canal, spinal stenosis is a possible complication. If osteophytes disappear, look for aortic aneurysm. Aortic aneurysms can cause pressure erosions. Lumbar spondylosis is used to describe degenerative changes in the spine associated with ageing, or certain factors that increase stress on the spine. Lumbar spondylosis prevalence is very high, and roughly 80% of adults will be affected by these degenerative changes. Spondylosis occurs at all levels of the spine, but is commonest in the lumbar. Lumbar spondylosis is an age-related degeneration of the vertebrae and disks of the lower back. These changes are often called degenerative disk disease and osteoarthritis. The common condition is marked by the breakdown of one or more of the disks that separate the bones of the spine. The disks provide cushioning between the vertebrae and.

Lumbar spondylosis is a degenerative disorder of the spine that narrows down the space between the discs. It is a common condition, affecting about 80% of the individuals of United States. Such a disorder commonly strikes adults as the spine degeneration takes place when the individual ages Spondylosis (cervical & lumbar) refers to degenerative changes in the spine such as bones, spurs and degenerating intravertebral disc between the vertebra. Spondylosis can occur in the cervical spine is called cervical spondylosis. Spondylosis can occur in the lumbar spine is called lumbar spondylosis. That affects both lumbar and sacral spine Kind of injury, disease or death. 3. (a) This Statement of Principles is about lumbar spondylosis and death from lumbar spondylosis. (b) For the purposes of this Statement of Principles, lumbar spondylosis means a degenerative joint disorder affecting the lumbar vertebrae or intervertebral discs with: (i) clinical manifestations of local pain.

Spondylosis Treatment

Lumbar Spondylosis: Practice Essentials, Epidemiology

About this compilation This compilation This is a compilation of the Statement of Principles concerning lumbar spondylosis No. 63 of 2014 that shows the text of the law as amended and in force on 23 July 2018. The notes at the end of this compilation (the endnotes) include information about amending laws and the amendment history of provisions of the compiled law Lumbar Spondylosis, Ipoh, Perak. 321 likes. we treat lower limbs,lower back,pelvic,sacrum hip pain and numbness. lumbar spondylosis,spondylolisthesis,ankylosing. The term stenosis is derived from Greek and refers to the process of narrowing that constricts or chokes the spinal nerves. The cause of spinal stenosis in the lumbar spine (lower back) is commonly associated with degenerative changes, also known as spondylosis, that occur as a result of aging

Lumbar spondylosis occurs mainly at the last two vertebrae of lumbar spine i.e. L4 and L5 and first vertebra of sacral spine (S1). Many causes are there for lumbar spondylitis example: Genetic abnormality in which bones become weak, Aging, accident previous injury to spine, heavy weight lifting, physical exertion, excess exercise, bending more. Spondylosis is an umbrella term for different forms of age-­related degeneration of the spine. The bones of the spine are called the vertebrae. Between each pair of vertebrae, there are three joints. There is a joint in the front of the spine that is called an intervertebral disc. There are two joints in the back of the spine, which are called.

Lumbar Spondylosis - YouTub

Spondylolysis (spon-dee-low-lye-sis) is defined as a defect or stress fracture in the pars interarticularis of the vertebral arch. The vast majority of cases occur in the lower lumbar vertebrae (L5), but spondylolysis may also occur in the cervical vertebrae Introduction: Spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis can both be diagnosed throughout the lifespan of individuals who participate in sports. Both spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis can cause lower back pain due to instability of the lumbar spine. Spondylolysis is a unilateral or bilateral vertebral defect (eg, stress fracture) of the pars interarticularis, whereas spondylolisthesis is a. Cervical spondylosis is a general term for age-related wear and tear affecting the spinal disks in your neck. As the disks dehydrate and shrink, signs of osteoarthritis develop, including bony projections along the edges of bones (bone spurs). Cervical spondylosis is very common and worsens with age 2.1.2 Lumbar spondylosis describes the presence of osteophytes arising from the bodies of the lumbar vertebrae. Whereas cervical spondylosis is usually considered as a single entity, some authors make a distinction between the three main components of degenerative disease of the lumbar spine, of which osteophyte formation is one

Spondylolisthesis Exercises & Stretches for Back Pain

Lumbar Spondylosis - Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What exercises help relieve lumbar spondylosis (spinal osteoarthritis) symptoms? If you want to reduce pain from lumbar spondylosis (spinal osteoarthritis in your low back), adding physical activity to your daily routine is a smart move. While doctors once thought bed rest was the best approach for people with spinal osteoarthritis, they now. Lumbar Spondylitis or spondylitis is a condition where there is an inflammation of lumbar (lower vertebral) spine, popularly called as Back ache. The inflammation can be mild, moderate or severe leading to a range of severity of symptoms. There is not only inflammation of the vertebra but also some amount of fusing, which gives painful stiffness Lumbar Spondylitis is a term used to describe a group of arthritis-based spine conditions that cause inflammation in the vertebrae and sometimes joints of the spine, in the lower back. Spondylitis generally occurs in the lowest section of the lumbar spine — the sacroiliac joint that connects the pelvis to the spine 97 lumbar spondylosis patients report no depressed mood (17%) What people are taking for it. Duloxetine Sertraline Venlafaxine. Reports may be affected by other conditions and/or medication side effects. We ask about general symptoms (anxious mood, depressed mood, fatigue, pain, and stress) regardless of condition

خشونة الفقرات ( Spondylosis ) الطب

  1. Spondylolysis is a stress fracture through the pars interarticularis of the lumbar vertebrae. The pars interarticularis is a thin bone segment joining two vertebrae. It is the most likely area to be affected by repetitive stress. This condition is fairly common and is found in one out of every 20 people
  2. Lumbosacral spondylolysis (lumbar spondylolysis) is most common at L5, accounting for 85% of all cases, [10, 11] and may be observed as high as L2. [12, 13] Therefore, a slip is most common at the level of L5 slipping forward on S1. Lumbosacral spondylolysis (lumbar spondylolysis) is the cause of the most common type of spondylolisthesis
  3. ed condition. Most patients with lumbar degenerative disc disease develop intermittent attacks of pain, followed by periods of complete pain remission. Most patients with lumbar degenerative disc disease can be managed nonsurgically

What Is Spondylosis? Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Surger

Lumber Spondylosis: Lumber Spondylosis is a term referring to degenerative osteoarthritis of the joints between the centre of the lumbar vertebrae and/or neural foraminae, that leads to the narrowing of space between two adjacent vertebrae & compression of a nerve root emerging from the spinal cord may result in radiculopathy - sensory or. Lumbar spondylolysis is a unilateral or bilateral defect of the pars interarticularis, an isthmus of bone connecting the superior and inferior facet surfaces in the lumbar spine at a given level. Spondylolysis is common in young athletes participating in sports, particularly those requiring repetitive hyperextension movements. The majority of young athletes are able to return to full sport. Spondylolysis is a unilateral or bilateral bony defect in the pars interarticularis or isthmus of the vertebra. The term derives from the Greek words spondylos (vertebra) and lysis (defect). It can cause a slipping of the vertebra, in which case the term spondylolytic spondylolysthesis is used

Lumbar spondylosis: clinical presentation and treatment

Spondylolysis is present in ~5% of the population 2 and higher in the adolescent athletic population. It is more common in men than in women 1. Clinical presentation. Spondylolysis is commonly asymptomatic. Symptomatic patients often have pain with extension and/or rotation of the lumbar spine Lumbar spondylosis is the term given to normal wear and tear of the lumbar (lower back) spinal discs. As we age, spinal discs lose moisture and shrink, bone spurs develop, and bones because weaker. While many people over 50 experience mild lumbar spondylosis, most experience no symptoms. If you are experiencing symptoms, it likely means the. Lumbar Spondylosis is very common above 40 years of age.; Obesity - Patients who are obese tend to put additional load on weight bearing joints leading to spondylosis. Patients with a history of fall or trauma in the past or who have suffered a hip injury, undergone spine surgery are more susceptible to develop lumbar spondylosis later on Background: Surgical investigations and interventions account for large health care utilisation and costs, but the scientific evidence for most procedures is still limited. Objectives: Degenerative conditions affecting the lumbar spine are variously described as lumbar spondylosis or degenerative disc disease (which we regarded as one entity) and may be associated with back pain and associated.

L5-S1 Spondylolisthesis with Surgical Repairs | Doctor Stock

What is Lumbar Spondylosis? (with pictures

Homeopathic treatment for lumbar Spondylosis has special action on joints, lumbo sacral region of spine and cartilage. They further help in strengthening the ligaments and cartilage in order to provide better support to the inflamed joints and prevent complications. In certain patients, lumbar spondylosis is observed at an early age due to. Spondylolysis. In spondylolysis, a crack or stress fracture develops through the pars interarticularis, which is a small, thin portion of the vertebra that connects the upper and lower facet joints.. Most commonly, this fracture occurs in the fifth vertebra of the lumbar (lower) spine, although it sometimes occurs in the fourth lumbar vertebra Return to play of an athlete with lumbosacral spondylolysis (lumbar spondylolysis) is first begun with low-level sport activities after the follow-up visit at 4-6 weeks, after which gradual increase in intensity as tolerated is allowed under supervision. [] Return to full activity is permitted only when patients are totally asymptomatic with full range of motion. [

Exercises for Better Health : How Do I Exercise for SpinalCureus | Mobile Schwannoma of the Lumbar Spine: A Caseأعراض خشونة الفقراب العنقية SYMPTOMS OF CERVICALBent Lumbar Spine And Spurs Of Old People Royalty Free

Bone spurs or osteophytes of the spine occur most frequently in the lumbar spine. Approximately 28% of women and 30% of men who are 55 to 64 years old have bone spurs of the lumbar spine. Lumbar spondylosis is a degenerative condition. It has been seen in people as young as 20 years old, but it increases with age 1. Alvarez P. Conservative treatment of lumbar spondylolysis in young soccer players. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2011;19:2111-2114. 2. Standaert et al. Expert opinion and controversies in sports and musculoskeletal medicine: the diagnosis and treatment of spondylolysis in adolescent athletes. Arch Phys Med Rehab. 2007;88:537-40. 3. Lumbar spondylosis is a spine condition that describes the natural deterioration the lower spine due to age and compression. While spondylosis can occur throughout the spine, the most common location of occurrence is in the lowest portion of the spine, where the lumbar meets the sacrum, or tailbone, spine

  • كيكة المربى بدون بيض.
  • اسماء بنات بحرف الهاء تركية.
  • صفات الطفل العنيد.
  • فورتشنر 2016 للبيع في الإمارات.
  • طرق قياس الفقر.
  • المعادلات التفاضلية الخطية.
  • أنواع إبر الكروشيه.
  • حفلة علي الديك غنيلي تغنيلك.
  • اقرب محطة مترو لسفارى بارك.
  • مقياس طاقة الوضع الكهربائية في دائرة كهربائية كاملة هو التيار الكهربائي.
  • زاك غاليفياناكيس.
  • كيفية حساب المتر المكعب في البناء.
  • مدينة وجدة بالصور.
  • تحميل مسلسل اللص والكتاب كامل برابط واحد.
  • Change image color online.
  • صفات الودي عند المرأة.
  • العاب كأس العالم.
  • من هو الذي عنده علم الكتاب.
  • لوحة العشاء الأخير قصة.
  • الاستفراغ بعد السقوط على الأرض.
  • بيضة كندر.
  • كودات GTA 4 PS3.
  • حبوب النيتروجلسرين.
  • ديكورات اسقف جبس بسيطة.
  • لله.
  • مميزات التعدين السطحي.
  • تحميل برنامج Motion leap مهكر.
  • سباق الدراجات الهوائية 2020 دبي.
  • تعريف علم المتاحف.
  • ايهما أفضل الذهب التركي او البحريني.
  • اسعار خلاطة نحلة.
  • معنى pill.
  • الدول التي تتحدث العربية.
  • الشعور واللاشعور في الحياة النفسية.
  • معنى جبر الخواطر.
  • خطاب بالانجليزى عن الاهرامات للصف السادس الابتدائي.
  • Fashion logo vector.
  • Oculus.
  • Spyder python 3.6 download 64 bit.
  • مسلسل احلام اليزا الحلقة 12.
  • أفضل مركز لعلاج التوحد في مصر.